Understanding Depression

Understanding DepressionFeeling low from time to time is usually normal. However, when emptiness and misery take control of your normal life and won’t go away, chances are that you are suffering from depression. Just like other health complications, depression usually manifests itself in many different ways. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, depressed individuals usually feel sad, hopeless, empty, irritated and at times very weak.

Signs of Depression

Signs of depression normally vary from one person to the other. However, there are some few signs of depression which are normally the same. The following are seven major signs of depression.

Hopelessness: individuals suffering from depression usually feel like giving up on everything. Many of them normally believe that they can do nothing to change the situation they are in.

Loss of interest: depressed individuals usually lose interest in literally everything. Many of them usually avoid carrying out their hobbies or social activities.

Loss of appetite: significant weight gain or weight loss is another common sign of depression. According to analysts, depressed individuals usually display a body weight change of more than 5% in less than a month. Loss of patience: depressed individuals usually loss their temper easily. Many of them usually feel agitated and restless all the time.

Loss of energy: depressed individuals usually feel physically drained even after taking resting for some time. This feeling usually affects their performance levels.

Reckless behavior: apart from losing temper, depressed individuals usually engage in escapist behaviors such as drug abuse, gambling dangerous sports and reckless car driving.

Loss of concentration: many people suffering from depression usually find it difficult to concentrate, discuss or make decisions. In addition, some usually find it difficult remembering certain things.

Sleep changes: depressed individuals usually suffer from either insomnia or hypersomnia.

Types of Depression

Over the years, scientists have discovered many types of depression. Some of the most common types of depression include Atypical Depression, Bipolar Disorder, Dysthymic Disorder, Seasonal Affective Disorder, Postpartum Depression, Premenstrual Dysphonic disorder and Major Depressive Disorder. The following are brief descriptions of all the mentioned health complications.

1. Major Depressive Disorder:

Major Depressive Disorder which is also referred to as clinical depression is normally characterized by changes in weight, fatigue, depressed mood and feelings of guilt and worthlessness. Clinical depression is normally easy to detect and fight. However, if not treated, it normally graduates to higher depression levels which are normally dangerous.

2. Dysthymic Disorder:

Dysthymia or simply dysthymic disorder normally refers to a mild type of chronic depression. Individuals suffering from dysthymia usually display episodes of major depression on top of the mild depression. This abnormal development is normally referred to as ‘double depression.’ Compared to major depressive disorder, double depression is normally easy to control.

3. Bipolar Disorder:

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Bipolar disorder is normally considered as being more than just depression. Individuals suffering from bipolar disorder usually display different signs i.e. signs of depression and at times signs of mania or simply a better than normal mood. Unlike the other types of depression, bipolar disorder is normally considered as being more dangerous.

4. Postpartum Depression:

Postpartum depression is normally caused by hormonal shifts. This type of depression usually affects pregnant women and is normally referred to as ‘baby blues. ‘When not treated at the right time, postpartum depression usually affects both the mother and the baby being carried in the womb.

5. Seasonal Affective Disorder:

Just as the name suggests, this particular health complication is usually governed by weather changes or simply, seasons. Individuals suffering from seasonal affective disorder usually display different signs in different seasons. Some for example, usually feel low during the winter and very happy and active during summer.

6. Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder:

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder normally affects pregnant women. However, the signs and symptoms of this particular disorder are usually more pronounced as compared to others. Some of the most common symptoms of this particular health complication include fatigue, anxiety, bloating, food cravings, breast tenderness and aches.

7. Atypical Depression:

According to researchers, this particular type of depression usually follows its own ‘typical’ set of symptoms rather than the common set followed by all the other types of depression. To add on, this particular health complication is normally considered as being the most common. Individuals suffering from atypical depression usually display signs of insomnia, fatigue and even anxiety when good things happen to them or when their lives change for the better.

How to Fight Depression

There are many ways of fighting depression. For starters, you can seek professional help from a doctor. This move is normally considered as being the best. According to experts, ones one discovers that he is suffering from depression, he should seek such kind of help as soon as possible so as to avoid serious complications. A reliable doctor will basically carry out different tests before referring you to a psychiatrist for advanced treatment.

Different medications can also help you fight depression. Currently, there are many different types of antidepressants in the market. Many of them usually affect the neurotransmitters and in the process reduce depression. Despite the fact that antidepressants usually help reduce depression, you should always be careful when taking them. To be on the safe side, you should always seek advice from your doctor before taking any antidepressant.

Professional therapy can also help you fight depression. When combined with medication, psychotherapy usually provides good results in terms of eliminating depression completely. Psychotherapy usually focuses on helping individuals understand their illnesses and in the process develop good strategies which can help them fight the health complication existing in their minds.

Apart from seeking help, you can easily fight depression on your own by simply changing your day to day life. Basically, by exercising, taking the right meals and engaging in different fun filled activities, you will be able to avoid depression. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, individuals who normally set realistic goals and stick to them usually enjoy living a healthy life. Thus, in order to avoid becoming depressed, you should start living a well-organized life.

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